UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies

The UN human rights treaty bodies are committees of independent experts that monitor implementation of the core international human rights treaties.Currently, there are ten human rights treaty bodies composed of independent experts, who are nominated and elected for fixed renewable terms of four years by State parties.

Each State party that has ratified a treaty has an obligation to report to the relevant treaty body on the steps that it has taken to ensure that everyone in the State can enjoy the rights set out in the treaty. The ICT interacts with several of the treaty bodies providing shadow reports before the State report is reviewed. Below are the treaty bodies that ICT has interacted with:

Human Rights Committee (CCPR) monitors implementation of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966) and its optional protocols.

Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (CESCR) monitors implementation of the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (1966).


Committee Against Torture (CAT) monitors implementation of the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment (1984).


Committee on the Rights of the Child (CRC) monitors implementation of the Convention on the Rights of the Child (1989) and its optional protocols (2000).

Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD) monitors implementation of the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (1965).


Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) monitors implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (1979) and its optional protocol (1999).